Ben Shneiderman

Leonardo's Laptop

Human Needs and the New Computing Technologies

Ben Shneiderman on November 3th 2005 in Bremen

Ben Shneiderman on November 3th 2005 in Bremen

Media Files


Shneiderman presents his book „Leonardo’s Laptop - Human Needs and the New Computing Technologies“ (2002). It’s central motto is „The old computing is about what computers can do; the new computing is about what people can do“. It’s first goal is: „Make computer usage less frustrating.“ Shneiderman describes the basic features of human needs for activities: „1. Collect: Information, 2. Relate: Communication, 3. Create: Innovation and 4. Donate: Dissemination.“ Afterwards he gives a sketch of human needs for relationships: „1. Self: working on your own, 2. Family & Friends: 20-50 close intimates, 3. Colleagues & Neighors: 50-5000 acquaintances and 4. Citizens & Markets: 5000 and more.“ On the base of this theory he develops requirements for future directions of computing: e-Learning, e-Business, e-Health and e-Government. Shneiderman calls Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) an inspirational muse for his research, because he „combined: science & art, integrated: engeneering & esthetics, balanced: technology advances & human values, merged: visionary & practical.“

Artists / Authors



World Usability Day - Making It Easy TZI, Technologie-Zentrum Informatik, Bremen


Hilton Hotel, Bremen, Germany




, Dec 8, 2005


Additions to Keyword List